A much earlier version of this article was presented at a conference on “Work and Recognition”, Macquarie University, 2007. I am grateful to Nicholas Smith and Jean-Philippe Deranty for inviting me to that conference, and I owe special thanks to Catriona Mackenzie for her thorough and thoughtful comments. I am also grateful to the participants, especially Axel Honneth and Paul Redding, for their very helpful critical remarks. I owe a lot of thanks to Robin Celikates, Gijs van Donselaar, Stefan Gosepath, Govert den Hartogh, and to Jeff Reiman for their extended criticism of earlier versions of the article. Finally, I am very much in debt to two anonymous reviewers for this journal for their immensely detailed and constructive comments.