The authors express their gratitude to John Gruenstein and the referees for their helpful suggestions. We are indebted to Judith Farnbach, Barbara Lipman, Linda Heckert, Stan Sienkiewicz, and Wells Vinton for research support. The views expressed here are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia or of the Federal Reserve System.
THE DETERMINANTS OF COUNTY GROWTH*
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 39–54, February 1987
How to Cite
Carlino, G. A. and Mills, E. S. (1987), THE DETERMINANTS OF COUNTY GROWTH. Journal of Regional Science, 27: 39–54. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1987.tb01143.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Received September, 1985; in revised form December, 1985 and February, 1986; accepted February, 1986.
ABSTRACT. This paper explores the determinants of population and employment densities interregionally. The theoretical model, due to Steinnes and Fisher, permits simultaneous determination of population and employment densities. This is applied to data for about 3,000 counties in the U.S. to analyze the effects of economic, demographic, climatic, and policy-related variables on the growth of population and employment, during the 1970s. Considering employment, differential county growth is explained in terms of economic and demographic conditions; regional and policy variables matter less. For population, climate matters as a preference for sunbelt states is found. Local government programs regarding education and tax policy seem to play a role.