*The authors would like to thank Peter Toumanoff, William Luksetich, Scott Harrold, and two anonymous referees for their comments and insights. Remaining errors are of course ours.
THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, AMENITIES AND FISCAL FACTORS ON AGE-SPECIFIC MIGRATION RATES
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 32, Issue 3, pages 349–365, August 1992
How to Cite
Clark, D. E. and Hunter, W. J. (1992), THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, AMENITIES AND FISCAL FACTORS ON AGE-SPECIFIC MIGRATION RATES. Journal of Regional Science, 32: 349–365. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1992.tb00191.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2006
- Received January 1991; revised September 1991; accepted January 1992.
ABSTRACT. Migration models have considered several different categories of determinants, including economic opportunities, amenities, and state and local fiscal factors. Migration has also been shown to depend on the individual's position in the life cycle. This paper represents a first attempt to integrate all three categories of determinants of migration into a life-cycle framework. Empirical findings generated from a countrywide model of white male migration, over the period 1970 to 1980, reveal that all three types of determinants are important. Specifically, economic opportunities are most influential for males during their working years. Amenities are also found to follow a life-cycle pattern with older migrants more attracted to amenable locations than their younger cohorts. Finally, state income and death taxes display life-cycle effects; working males in their peak earning years are detracted by high income taxes while all migrants aged 55 to 69 avoid counties in states with high inheritance and estate taxes.