We acknowledge helpful comments by Dale Colyer, the editor, and referees of this journal. Jacquelyn Strager produced Figure 1 for us. We are grateful to Anil Rupasingha, Stephan J. Goetz, and David Freshwater for permission to use their Social Capital Index for U.S. counties. The usual caveat applies. The West Virginia Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station and the West Virginia University Regional Research Institute provided partial financial support for this project.
EMPLOYMENT, INCOME, AND MIGRATION IN APPALACHIA: A SPATIAL SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS APPROACH*
Article first published online: 16 JUL 2010
© 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 102–120, February 2011
How to Cite
Gebremariam, G. H., Gebremedhin, T. G. and Schaeffer, P. V. (2011), EMPLOYMENT, INCOME, AND MIGRATION IN APPALACHIA: A SPATIAL SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS APPROACH. Journal of Regional Science, 51: 102–120. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.2010.00681.x
- Issue published online: 7 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 16 JUL 2010
- Received: July 2006; revised: March 2007, June 2007, June 2008, April 2009; accepted: September 2009.
ABSTRACT Appalachia remains a symbol of poverty in the midst of prosperity. During the 1990s it fell further behind the rest of the nation. Persistent poverty during a period of strong growth is a serious as well as an interesting subject to study. We examine determinants of growth in Appalachia between 1990 and 2000. We show that employment, migration, and median household income were jointly determined by regional covariates and that county economic conditions were conditional on the performance in neighboring counties. One conclusion is that regional cooperation and geographically focused programs may yield the greatest returns to policy investments.