The authors acknowledge the support of FCT, the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 2009 North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International, Spatial Modeling and Location Sessions. We thank Arthur Getis for his constructive comments on the paper.
ACCOUNTING FOR NEIGHBORING EFFECTS IN MEASURES OF SPATIAL CONCENTRATION*
Version of Record online: 11 APR 2011
© 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 51, Issue 4, pages 678–693, October 2011
How to Cite
Guimarães, P., Figueiredo, O. and Woodward, D. (2011), ACCOUNTING FOR NEIGHBORING EFFECTS IN MEASURES OF SPATIAL CONCENTRATION. Journal of Regional Science, 51: 678–693. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00723.x
- Issue online: 27 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 11 APR 2011
- Received: December 2009; revised: December 2010; accepted: December 2010.
ABSTRACT A common problem with spatial economic concentration measures based on areal data (e.g., Gini, Herfindhal, entropy, and Ellison-Glaeser indices) is accounting for the position of regions in space. While they purport to measure spatial clustering, these statistics are confined to calculations within individual areal units. They are insensitive to the proximity of regions or to neighboring effects. Clearly, since spillovers do not recognize areal units, economic clusters may cross regional boundaries. Yet with current measures, any industrial agglomeration that traverses boundaries will be chopped into two or more pieces. Activity in adjacent spatial units is treated in exactly the same way as activity in far-flung, nonadjacent areas. This paper shows how popular measures of spatial concentration relying on areal data can be modified to account for neighboring effects. With a U.S. application, we also demonstrate that the new instruments we propose are easy to implement and can be valuable in regional analysis.