An earlier version of this paper was presented at the conference on Urban Development: Patterns, Causes, Foundations, and Policy at IHS, Rotterdam, 2010. We are grateful to the conference participants, Mark Partridge, and two anonymous referees for useful comments and suggestions. This paper was handled by JRS managing editor, Mark Partridge.
THE BORDER POPULATION EFFECTS OF EU INTEGRATION*
Article first published online: 31 JAN 2012
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 52, Issue 1, pages 40–59, February 2012
How to Cite
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., van Marrewijk, C. and Oumer, A. (2012), THE BORDER POPULATION EFFECTS OF EU INTEGRATION. Journal of Regional Science, 52: 40–59. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00752.x
- Issue published online: 31 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 31 JAN 2012
- Received: January 2011; revised: June 2011, August 2011; accepted: August 2011.
ABSTRACT Border cities or regions are in theory more affected by the EU integration process than more central locations as it more drastically influences their transaction costs and market potential. We find a positive empirical effect of EU enlargement as measured by the growth in population share along the integration borders. This effect is active for a limited distance (70 km) and time period (30 years), and is more important for large cities and regions. Despite this positive EU enlargement effect along the border, a location close to a border remains a burden in view of the (larger) negative general border effect.