Supported with funding from the David A. Coulter Family Foundation and the Donald Bren Foundation. We are grateful to McKinley Blackburn, Michael Dardia, Ellen Hanak, Debbie Reed, Robert Tannenwald, Michael Teitz, the editor, and anonymous reviewers for very thoughtful comments. Kolko and Neumark were affiliated with the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) when most of this research was conducted. Any views expressed are the authors’ alone, and do not reflect the views of Trulia or PPIC.
WHAT DO BUSINESS CLIMATE INDEXES TEACH US ABOUT STATE POLICY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH?*
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2012
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 53, Issue 2, pages 220–255, May 2013
How to Cite
Kolko, J., Neumark, D. and Mejia, M. C. (2013), WHAT DO BUSINESS CLIMATE INDEXES TEACH US ABOUT STATE POLICY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH?. Journal of Regional Science, 53: 220–255. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.2012.00782.x
- Issue published online: 26 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2012
- Received: June 2011; revised: February 2012, June 2012; accepted: June 2012.
ABSTRACT State business climate indexes capture state policies that might affect economic growth. State rankings in these indexes vary wildly, raising questions about what the indexes measure and which policies are important for growth. Indexes focused on productivity do not predict economic growth, while indexes emphasizing taxes and costs predict growth of employment, wages, and output. Analysis of sub-indexes of the tax-and-cost-related indexes points to two policy factors associated with faster growth: less spending on welfare and transfer payments; and more uniform and simpler corporate tax structures. But factors beyond the control of policy have a stronger relationship with economic growth.