Darrell Cole is Associate Professor of Religion at Drew University. He teaches courses in professional ethics as well as comparative courses in Christian, Jewish, and Islamic ethics. He writes regularly on the ethics of war and of spying. Darrell Cole, Department of Religious Studies, Drew University, 36 Madison Avenue, Madison, NJ 07940,


I offer an argument for why torture, as an act of state-sponsored force to gain information crucial to the well-being of the common good, should be considered as a tactic of war, and therefore scrutinized in terms of just war theory. I argue that, for those committed to the justifiability of the use of force, most of the popular arguments against all acts of torture are unpersuasive because the logic behind them would forbid equally any act of mutilating or killing in battle. I will also argue that looking at torture through the perspective of the just war tradition forces us to place strictures on the practice that make it hard to justify, helps us to see why torture should never be legalized, helps us to clarify when circumstances might justify torture, and suggests what sort of character is required to recognize when those circumstances have occurred.