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Keywords:

  • Antithetic time series theory;
  • Bias reduction;
  • Forecasting;
  • Inverse correlation;
  • Serial correlation;
  • Time series analysis

Summary.  Antithetic time series analysis is the solution to a most perplexing problem in mathematical statistics. When a mathematical model is fitted to serially correlated data, the parameters of the model are unavoidably biased. All forecasts that are obtained from the model are unavoidably biased and therefore diverge. The forecast reliability worsens with the forecast horizon. It is shown that the forecast bias can be dynamically reduced. This is made possible by the entirely counterintuitive discovery of antithetic time series theory that permits unbiased forecast error convergence to a constant, independent of forecast origin. The forecast error variance in each time period is the same.