Abstract. A transformed metric entropy measure of dependence is studied which satisfies many desirable properties, including being a proper measure of distance. It is capable of good performance in identifying dependence even in possibly nonlinear time series, and is applicable for both continuous and discrete variables. A nonparametric kernel density implementation is considered here for many stylized models including linear and nonlinear MA, AR, GARCH, integrated series and chaotic dynamics. A related permutation test of independence is proposed and compared with several alternatives.