Recursive adjustment, unit root tests and structural breaks


Correspondence to: Paulo M. M. Rodrigues, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department, Av. Almirante Reis, 71-6th floor, 1150-012, Lisbon, Portugal


In this paper, we introduce unit root tests for time series with a potential structural break computed from test regressions in which the deterministic components have been recursively adjusted. We present finite sample critical values as well as Monte Carlo results on the size and power performance of the new procedures, and compare these with other available tests in the literature, such as OLS and quasi-differenced based tests (see, for instance, Perron, (1997)Perron and Rodriguez, (2003) and Carrion-i-Silvestre et al. (2009)). The small sample behaviour of the tests is evaluated in a known and an unknown break date context allowing for negligible and non-negligible initial conditions. In the unknown break date case, two break date estimation procedures are considered, one based on the minimum unit root t-statistic and the other based on the minimum sum of squared residuals obtained from a regression on a set of deterministic variables. The size and power performance of the recursive adjustment based procedure in the unknown break date case is encouraging. A further result of this paper relates to the aditional finite sample evidence on the performance of quasi-differenced unit root tests, complementing the results in Perron and Rodriguez (2003).