• language anxiety;
  • affective factors;
  • individual differences;
  • social influences;
  • qualitative study;
  • grounded-theory analysis (GTA);
  • interview study;
  • learner perception;
  • Chinese learners;
  • foreign language learning

Although many researchers have examined the effects of anxiety on second language learning in recent years, the specific sources and effects of language anxiety have not yet been clearly established. Moreover, few studies have specifically examined anxiety from the learner's perspective. Although previous interview and diary studies have pointed to a number of interesting relationships between anxiety and other variables, conclusions have been based on the researchers' personal interpretations of learner statements. The present study examines learners' perceptions of how students' anxiety works together with other variables in influencing language learning. Twenty-one students with varying levels of anxiety were interviewed for this study, a theoretical model was generated, and a sequential order of influence among the major affinities was indicated.