SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • intellectually disabled;
  • intellectual disability;
  • gatekeeper;
  • expert;
  • dehumanization;
  • nonhuman animal;
  • epistemic authority;
  • feeblemindedness;
  • oppression;
  • exploitation;
  • marginalization

Abstract: This essay explores various roles that philosophers occupy in relation to intellectual disability. In examining how philosophers define their object of inquiry as experts and gatekeepers, it raises critical questions concerning the nature of philosophical discourse about intellectual disability. It then goes on to consider three alternate positions, the advocate or friend, the animal, and the “intellectually disabled,” each of which points to new ways of philosophizing in the face of intellectual disability.