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Keywords:

  • cognitive limitation;
  • cognitive disability;
  • cognitive enhancement;
  • abortion;
  • moral status of animals

Abstract: This essay explores problems of consistency among commonsense beliefs about the comparative moral status of animals, fetuses, and human beings congenitally endowed with cognitive capacities and potential no higher than those of higher animals. The possibility of genetic cognitive enhancement exacerbates some of these problems, but also offers new resources for understanding the basis of our moral status as inviolable.