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Knowledge Transfer and Exchange: Review and Synthesis of the Literature

Authors

  • CRAIG MITTON,

    1. University of British Columbia Okanagan and Child and Family Research Institute of BC; University of Calgary; Alberta Mental Health Board
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  • CAROL E. ADAIR,

    1. University of British Columbia Okanagan and Child and Family Research Institute of BC; University of Calgary; Alberta Mental Health Board
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  • EMILY MCKENZIE,

    1. University of British Columbia Okanagan and Child and Family Research Institute of BC; University of Calgary; Alberta Mental Health Board
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  • SCOTT B. PATTEN,

    1. University of British Columbia Okanagan and Child and Family Research Institute of BC; University of Calgary; Alberta Mental Health Board
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  • BRENDA WAYE PERRY

    1. University of British Columbia Okanagan and Child and Family Research Institute of BC; University of Calgary; Alberta Mental Health Board
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Address correspondence to: Craig Mitton, Health Studies, University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC, V1V 1V7 (email: craig.mitton@ubc.ca).

Abstract

Knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) is as an interactive process involving the interchange of knowledge between research users and researcher producers. Despite many strategies for KTE, it is not clear which ones should be used in which contexts. This article is a review and synthesis of the KTE literature on health care policy. The review examined and summarized KTE's current evidence base for KTE. It found that about 20 percent of the studies reported on a real-world application of a KTE strategy, and fewer had been formally evaluated. At this time there is an inadequate evidence base for doing “evidence-based” KTE for health policy decision making. Either KTE must be reconceptualized, or strategies must be evaluated more rigorously to produce a richer evidence base for future activity.

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