Indexical Predicates


  • We are grateful to Chris Barker, Jon Barton, Eliza Block, Richard Breheny, Noam Chomsky, Mike Gabbay, Jen Hornsby, Keith Hossack, Ruth Kempson, Chris Kennedy, Shalom Lappin, Guy Longworth, David Papineau, Richard Samuels, Brett Sherman, Jason Stanley, Zoltán Szabó, Mark Textor, Charles Travis and two anonymous reviewers for many helpful comments on previous drafts. We would also like to acknowledge audiences at the CSMN/Arché Adjectives Workshop and the UCL Pragmatics Reading Group for their useful questions and comments.

Department of Philosophy, Philosophy Hall, Columbia University, New York NY 10027 USA; Department of Philosophy, King's College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2LS UK.


We discuss the challenge to truth-conditional semantics presented by apparent shifts in extension of predicates such as ‘red’. We propose an explicit indexical semantics for ‘red’ and argue that our account is preferable to the alternatives on conceptual and empirical grounds.