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IT self-employed workers between constraint and flexibility


  • Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay ( is Canada Research Chair on the Socio-Organisational Challenges of the Knowledge Economy and Director of the Community-University Research Alliance on Work–Life Balance over the Lifecourse. She is Professor of Labour Economics and HRM at the Télé-Université of l'Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada. Émilie Genin ( is an invited professor in Human Resources Management at the École de relations industrielles, Université de Montréal. During this research she was postdoctoral researcher at the Canada Research Chair on the Socio-Organizational Challenges of the Knowledge Economy.


This research focuses on the degree of work autonomy which IT self-employed workers enjoy. It relies on quantitative and qualitative data. We found that strategic autonomy (ability to choose one's work objectives) is linked to individual characteristics: education and expertise, whereas operational autonomy (ability to choose the adequate methods) is correlated to contextual factors such as the type of clients and the kind of contracts.