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Must There Be Basic Action? *


  • I first presented a version of this paper at the Hester Conference on Action and Agency at Wake Forest where I benefited greatly from Joseph Raz's commentary. I have subsequently accumulated many debts to many others who have been very generous and resourceful in their help. Thanks to audiences at Auburn University, Brandeis University, UC Berkeley, Dortmund University, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Kansas State University, University of Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Toronto, the Pittsburgh Area Philosophy Colloquium and UCLA. And thanks also and especially to Matthew Boyle, Jeremy David Fix, Kim Frost, Matthias Haase, Eric Marcus, Richard Moran, Ram Neta, Sebastian Rödl, Guy Rohrbaugh, Gisela Striker, Michael Thompson and two anonymous referees for Noûs.