†I would like to thank, without implicating in the final product, John Knight, Emmanuel Jimenez, Steve Bondi, and a referee, for comments on previous drafts. This paper is based on data whose collection was funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council.
THE QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC EDUCATION: A CASE-STUDY OF URBAN INDIA†
Article first published online: 1 MAY 2009
© 1996 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics
Volume 58, Issue 1, pages 57–82, February 1996
How to Cite
Kingdon, G. (1996), THE QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC EDUCATION: A CASE-STUDY OF URBAN INDIA. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 58: 57–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0084.1996.mp58001004.x
- Issue published online: 1 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 1 MAY 2009
- Date of Receipt of Final Manuscript: September 1995
Recent evidence of a substantial link between quality of schooling and individual productivity suggests that, from an economic efficiency perspective, quality aspects of education deserve attention. This paper presents empirical evidence on the relative quality and efficiency of private and government-funded schools in urban India, using data from Uttar Pradesh. The results suggest that standardizing for home background and controlling for sample selectivity greatly reduces the raw average achievement advantage of private school students over public school students, but does not wipe it out. Private schools' standardized achievement advantage (or better quality) is complemented by their lower unit costs to enable them to be more efficient. The results support much of the existing international evidence on the relative efficiency of private and public schools.