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Keywords:

  • C25;
  • D63;
  • H55;
  • I32;
  • I38

Abstract

Microsimulation models are commonly used to examine the distributional impact of reforms of the means-tested benefit system. Take-up behaviour is related to the level of entitlement, so reform may induce changes in take-up. We develop a stochastic simulation method and apply it to a probit model of ‘income support’ take-up by the UK pensioners. The method allows us to adjust net income for the welfare losses because of tangible or intangible claim costs. Endogenous take-up and claim costs both have an important impact on the simulated outcomes of the policy reform.