THE DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND: RETROSPECT AND PROSPECT

Authors


Robert Eastwood is a Senior Lecturer in economics at the University of Sussex (r.k.eastwood@sussex.ac.uk).Michael Lipton is Research Professor at the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex (mlipton@onetel.com).

Abstract

The demographic transition, from high to low mortality and fertility, entails several decades during which a country's dependency ratio falls, bringing a demographic dividend to which a third of East Asia's late twentieth-century economic growth ‘miracle’ has been attributed. Can a similar miracle be expected in sub-Saharan Africa in the next few decades, or will relentless population pressure prevent this?

Ancillary