The author thanks Giuseppe Bertola, Daniel Hamermesh, Barry Hirsch, Christine Jolls, Adriana Kugler, Stephen Machin, Øivind Anti Nilsen, two anonymous referees and participants at the IZA Conference on Employment Protection and Labour Markets, Bonn, Germany, December 2–3, 2005, the Society of Labor Economists Meetings, Cambridge, Mass., May 5–6, 2006, and the American Economic Association Meetings, Chicago, Illinois, January 5–7, 2007 for helpful comments and suggestions. Portions of this article were written while the author was a Visiting Fellow in the Economics Department of Princeton University, supported by the Industrial Relations Section. He is very grateful for this support.
The Impact of Employment Protection Mandates on Demographic Temporary Employment Patterns: International Microeconomic Evidence†
Article first published online: 22 JUN 2007
The Economic Journal
Volume 117, Issue 521, pages F333–F356, June 2007
How to Cite
Kahn, L. M. (2007), The Impact of Employment Protection Mandates on Demographic Temporary Employment Patterns: International Microeconomic Evidence. The Economic Journal, 117: F333–F356. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2007.02059.x
A notable example is Spain, which in the 1980s and 1990s had extremely high unemployment rates and liberalised the use of temporary contracts in an attempt to generate jobs. See ‡.
- Issue published online: 22 JUN 2007
- Article first published online: 22 JUN 2007
This article uses 1994–8 International Adult Literacy Survey microdata for Canada, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the UK and the US to study the impact of employment protection laws (EPL) on joblessness and temporary employment by demographic group. More stringent EPL raises relative non-employment rates for youth, immigrants, and, possibly, women, controlling for demographic variables and country dummies. For wage and salary workers, EPL raises the relative incidence of temporary employment for the low skilled, youth, native women, and especially immigrant women. These effects are often stronger in countries with higher levels of collective bargaining coverage.