We are grateful to Olivier Cadot, William Cline, Alan Deardorff, Robert Feenstra, Michael Ferrantino, Bernard Hoekman, Jaime de Melo, Thierry Mayer, Peter Neary, Guido Porto, Zia Qureshi, Phil Schuler, Andrew Scott, Dustin Smith, Javier Suarez, Akiko Suwa-Eisenman, David Tarr, Dominique Van Der Mensbrugghe, Alan Winters, two referees and participants at seminars at the Center of Global Development in Washington, Central Bank of Uruguay, FAO, IMF, Paris School of Economics, UNCTAD, University of Geneva, World Bank and World Trade Organization for comments and suggestions. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the institutions to which they are affiliated.
Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices*
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2008
© The Author(s). Journal compilation © Royal Economic Society 2009
The Economic Journal
Volume 119, Issue 534, pages 172–199, January 2009
How to Cite
Looi Kee, H., Nicita, A. and Olarreaga, M. (2009), Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices. The Economic Journal, 119: 172–199. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2008.02209.x
- Issue published online: 9 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2008
- Submitted: 17 January 2006 Accepted: 9 January 2008
Studies of the impact of trade restrictiveness on growth, poverty or unemployment are frequent in the academic literature. Few authors, however, provide a precise definition of what they mean by trade restrictiveness. When they do, the definition is unlikely to have tight links with trade theory. The objective of this article is to fill this gap by providing for 78 developing and developed countries clearly defined indicators of trade restrictiveness that are well grounded in trade theory. Results suggest that poor countries tend to have more restrictive trade policies but they also face higher trade barriers on their exports.