We thank the editor, two anonymous referees, Adrian Non, and participants of various conferences and seminars for their helpful comments. Financial support from the German Research Foundation (DFG) through SFB/TR 15 and the Research Network ‘Flexibility in Heterogeneous Labour Markets’, as well as from the European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant is gratefully acknowledged.
Homo Reciprocans: Survey Evidence on Behavioural Outcomes†
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2009
© The Author(s). Journal compilation © Royal Economic Society 2009
The Economic Journal
Volume 119, Issue 536, pages 592–612, March 2009
How to Cite
Dohmen, T., Falk, A., Huffman, D. and Sunde, U. (2009), Homo Reciprocans: Survey Evidence on Behavioural Outcomes. The Economic Journal, 119: 592–612. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2008.02242.x
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2009
This article complements the experimental literature that has shown the importance of reciprocity for behaviour in stylised labour markets or other decision settings. We use individual measures of reciprocal inclinations in a large, representative survey and relate reciprocity to real world labour market behaviour and life outcomes. We find that reciprocity matters and that the way in which it matters is very much in line with the experimental evidence. In particular, positive reciprocity is associated with receiving higher wages and working harder. Negatively reciprocal inclinations tend to reduce effort. Negative reciprocity increases the likelihood of being unemployed.