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This study is the first to estimate price elasticities of demand for convalescent care programmes. In 1997, the German legislature more than doubled the daily co-payments for the publicly insured from €6 to €13. The measure caused the overall demand for convalescent care treatments to fall by 20 to 25%. I estimate the price elasticity for medical rehabilitation programmes aimed at preventing work disability to be about −0.3, whereas the elasticity for medical rehabilitation programmes for recovery from accidents at work lies around −0.5. The demand for preventive treatment at health spas is elastic and less than −1.