Corresponding author: Craig McIntosh, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0519, USA. Email: email@example.com.
Birth Rates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain and the UK*
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2012
© 2012 The Author(s). The Economic Journal © 2012 Royal Economic Society
The Economic Journal
Volume 122, Issue 561, pages 707–726, June 2012
How to Cite
Hanson, G. H. and McIntosh, C. (2012), Birth Rates and Border Crossings: Latin American Migration to the US, Canada, Spain and the UK. The Economic Journal, 122: 707–726. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2012.02509.x
We thank Gordon Dahl, Paul Menchik, Caglar Ozden, Dean Yang and seminar participants at Michigan State University, the University of Michigan, the World Bank, UC Irvine, UC San Diego, USC, University College London, and Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona for helpful comments.
- Issue published online: 1 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 16 JAN 2012 10:02AM EST
- Submitted: 19 May 2010 Accepted: 14 September 2011
We use census data for the US, Canada, Spain and UK to estimate bilateral migration rates to these countries from 25 Latin American and Caribbean nations over the period 1980 to 2005. Latin American migration to the US is responsive to labour supply and demand shocks as well as natural disasters. Latin American migration to Canada, Spain and the UK, in contrast, is largely insensitive to these shocks, responding only to civil and military conflict. The results are consistent with US immigration being mediated by market forces and immigration to the other countries being insulated from labour market shocks.