Corresponding author: Victor Lavy, Department of Economics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK. Email: email@example.com.
Gender Differences in Market Competitiveness in a Real Workplace: Evidence from Performance-based Pay Tournaments among Teachers*
Article first published online: 3 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Author(s). The Economic Journal © 2012 Royal Economic Society
The Economic Journal
Volume 123, Issue 569, pages 540–573, June 2013
How to Cite
Lavy, V. (2013), Gender Differences in Market Competitiveness in a Real Workplace: Evidence from Performance-based Pay Tournaments among Teachers. The Economic Journal, 123: 540–573. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0297.2012.02542.x
Special thanks to Alex Levkov and Roy Mill for outstanding research assistance. I benefited from comments from the editor and two referees of this Journal and of seminar participants at Boston University, Hebrew University, London School of Economics, Royal Holloway University of London, CESifo/PEPG 2008 conference and the NBER 2008 Summer Institute Labour Studies conference.
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 3 SEP 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 MAY 2012 10:30AM EST
- Submitted: 2 June 2011 Accepted: 4 April 2012
Recent laboratory and field experiments suggest that women are less effective than men in a competitive environment. I examine how teachers’ performance is affected by a competitive environment and its gender mix. Teachers participated in a tournament that provided cash bonuses based on test performance of their classes. I find no evidence of gender differences in performance under competition in any gender mix environment, or in teachers’ knowledge of the programme and in effort and teaching methods. Women, however, were more pessimistic about the effectiveness of teachers’ performance pay and more realistic than men about their likelihood of winning bonuses.