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    An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association, March 20–23, 1991, Seattle, Washington. We would like to thank Peter Navarro for stimulating our interest in the subject, and Ken McCue for providing us with data. We also thank Henry Brady, Bruce Cain, Andy Gelman, Elizabeth Gerber, Robert Gilmour, Eric Hughson, Mat McCubbins, Skip Lupia, Max Neiman, Thomas Romer, Paul Rothstein, and an anonymous referee for their comments and criticisms.


Citizens of many California cities and counties have sought to restrict the rate of population growth in their localities. In 1988, Citizens for Limited Growth used the initiative process to place a pair of growth control measures on the ballot in the City and County of San Diego, respectively. The City Council and Board of Supervisors responded by placing less stringent, competing measures on the same ballot. This paper analyzes voting data from this election to examine the nature of support for such measures. We find strong support for the hypotheses that whites, homeowners, liberal/environmentalists, and those exposed to high levels of traffic congestion are more likely to favor growth controls. This paper also investigates the behavior of voters when they confront competing propositions concerning the same issue on the same ballot, and finds strong evidence of strategic voting.