• Open Access

Agency and Institutional Investment


  • The authors thank an anonymous referee whose comments have led to improvements in the paper.


In this paper we summarise and extend the agency-based model of asset pricing of Brennan (1993) to show that the implied agency effects on asset pricing are too small to be empirically detectable: empirical tests confirm this and we show that the positive findings of Gomez and Zapatero (2003) are due to their choice of sample. We also derive new empirical implications for the composition of institutional investment portfolios and empirically confirm the major result, that institutional portfolios will be short the minimum variance portfolio.