SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • AAPA (2009): ‘World port rankings (2009)’, American Association of Port Authorities [online]. URL http://aapa.files.cms-plus.com/PDFs/WORLD%20PORT%20RANKINGS%202009.pdf [accessed 29 April 2011].
  • AMIN, S. M. N. and BILLAH, M. (2007): ‘Environmental impacts of ship scrapping in Bangladesh’, Pennsylvania Geographer 45 (1): 113130.
  • APPADURAI, A. (ed.) (1986): The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • ASADUZZAMAN, A. (2001): The “Pariah” People: An Ethnography of the Urban Sweepers in Bangladesh. Dhaka University Press, Dhaka .
  • BAIR, J. (2005): ‘Global capitalism and commodity chains: looking back, going forward’, Competition and Change 9 (2): 153180.
  • BAIR, J. (2008): ‘Analysing global economic organization: embedded networks and global chains compared’, Economy and Society 37 (3): 339364.
  • BAN (2002): Exporting harm: the high-tech trashing of Asia. Basel Action Network, Seattle , WA , 25 February.
  • BAN (2005): The digital dump: exporting re-use and abuse to Africa. Media release version. Basel Action Network, Seattle , WA , 24 October.
  • BBS (2001): Population Census 2001, National Report (Provisional). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka .
  • BBS (2008): Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 2008. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka .
  • BENIDICKSON, J. (2007): The Culture of Flushing: A Social and Legal History of Sewage. UBC Press, Vancouver , BC .
  • BOLWIG, S., PONTE, S., DU TOIT, A., RIISGAARD, L. and HALBERG, N. (2010): ‘Integrating poverty and environmental concerns into value-chain analysis: a conceptual framework’, Development Policy Review 28 (2): 173194.
  • ÇALIŞKAN, K. (2010): Market Threads: How Cotton Farmers and Traders Create a Global Commodity. Princeton University Press, Princeton , NJ .
  • CBS (2007): ‘The amazing race photos: season 15 episode 3’, The Amazing Race [online document]. URL http://www.cbs.com/primetime/amazing_race/photos/photos.php?v=37336&s=12&p=1 [accessed 12 April 2010].
  • CBS (2009): ‘Following the trail of toxic e-waste’, 60 Minutes 30 August [online document]. URL http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/11/06/60minutes/main4579229.shtml [accessed 25 March 2011].
  • CHEN, D., BI, X., LIU, M., HUANG, B., SHENG, G. and FU, J. (2011): ‘Phase partitioning, concentration variation and risk assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the atmosphere of an e-waste recycling site’, Chemosphere 82 (9): 12461252.
  • CLAPP, J. (2002): ‘What the pollution havens debate overlooks’, Global Environmental Politics 2 (2): 1119.
  • COE, N. M., DICKEN, P. and HESS, M. (2008): ‘Global production networks: realizing the potential’, Journal of Economic Geography 8 (3): 271295.
  • CRANG, M. and COOK, I. (2007): Doing Ethnographies. Sage, Los Angeles , CA .
  • CUMBERS, A., NATIVEL, C. and ROUTLEDGE, P. (2008): ‘Labour agency and union positionalities in global production networks’, Journal of Economic Geography 8 (3): 369387.
  • DEDRICK, J., KRAEMER, K. L. and LINDEN, G. (2010): ‘Who profits from innovation in global value chains?: a study of the iPod and notebook PCs’, Industrial and Corporate Change 19 (1): 81116.
  • DOLAN, C. S. (2007): ‘Market affections: moral encounters with Kenyan fairtrade flowers’, Ethnos 72 (2): 239261.
  • DOUGLAS, M. (1966): Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. Routledge and Keagan Paul, London .
  • DRACKNER, M. (2005): ‘What is waste? To whom?– An anthropological perspective on garbage’, Waste Management and Research 23 (3): 175181.
  • ENVIRONMENT CANADA (2000): Information technology (IT) and telecommunications (telecom) waste in Canada. National Office of Pollution Prevention, Ottawa , ON , October.
  • ENVIRONMENT CANADA (2004): Screening Level Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment for Generic E-waste Processing Facility. National Office of Pollution Prevention, Ottawa , ON , September.
  • ENVIRONMENT CANADA (2006): ‘Mounting concerns over electronic waste’, EnviroZine 33, 26 June [online magazine]. URL http://www.ec.gc.ca/EnviroZine/english/issues/33/feature1_e.cfm [accessed 16 November 2006].
  • FITTER, R. and KAPLINKSY, R. (2001): ‘Who gains from product rents as the coffee market becomes more differentiated? A value-chain analysis’, IDS Bulletin 32 (3): 6982.
  • FRANZ, M. and HASSLER, M. (2010): ‘The value of commodity biographies: integrating tribal farmers in India into a global organic agro-food network’, Area 42 (1): 2534.
  • FU, J., WANG, Y., ZHANG, A., ZHANG, Q., ZHAO, Z., WANG, T. and JIANG, G. (2011): ‘Spatial distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated biphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in an e-waste dismantling region in Southeast China: use of apple snail (Ampullariidae) as a bioindicator’, Chemosphere 82 (5): 648655.
  • FULLER, D. B. (2005): ‘The changing limits and the limits of change: the state, private firms, international industry and China in the evolution of Taiwan's electronics industry’, Journal of Contemporary China 14 (44): 483506.
  • GABRYS, J. (2009): ‘Sink: the dirt of systems’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 27 (4): 666681.
  • GAO (2008): Electronic waste: harmful US exports flow virtually unrestricted because of minimal EPA enforcement and narrow regulation. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment, Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives. GAO-08–11667, United States Government Accountability Office, Washington , DC , 17 September.
  • GEREFFI, G. (2002): ‘Prospects for industrial upgrading by developing countries in the global apparel commodity chain’, International Journal of Business and Society 3 (1): 2760.
  • GEREFFI, G. and FREDERICK, S. (2010): ‘The global apparel value chain, trade, and the crisis: challenges and opportunities for developing countries’, in CATTANEO, O., GEREFFI, G. and STARITZ, C. (eds): Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective. World Bank Press, Washington , DC , pp. 157208.
  • GEREFFI, G., HUMPHREY, J. and STURGEON, T. (2005): ‘The governance of global value chains’, Review of International Political Economy 12 (1): 78104.
  • GIBBON, P. (2001): ‘Agro-commodity chains: an introduction’, IDS Bulletin 32 (3): 6068.
  • GIBBON, P., BAIR, J. and PONTE, S. (2008): ‘Governing global value chains: an introduction’, Economy and Society 37 (3): 315338.
  • GILLE, Z. (2007): From the Cult of Waste to the Trash Heap of History: The Politics of Waste in Socialist and Postsocialist Hungary. Indiana University Press, Bloomington , IN .
  • GLASSMAN, J. (2011): ‘The geo-political economy of global production networks’, Geography Compass 5 (4): 154164.
  • GOVERNMENT OF SINGAPORE. (n.d.): ‘Welcome to Singapore FTA Network’, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Singapore [online document]. URL http://www.fta.gov.sg/sg_fta.asp [accessed 9 March 2011].
  • GRANT, R. (2003): ‘Economic geography of global trade’, in SHEPPARD, E. and BARNES, T. J. (eds): A Companion to Economic Geography. Blackwell, Oxford , pp. 411431.
  • GRANTHAM, A. and KAPLINSKY, R. (2005): ‘Getting the measure of the electronic games industry: developers and the management of innovation’, International Journal of Innovation Management 9 (2): 183213.
  • GREENPEACE (2007): Recycling of Electronic Wastes in China and India: Workplace and Environmental Contamination. Greenpeace International, Amsterdam .
  • GREENPEACE (2008): Toxic Tech: Not in Our Backyard. Uncovering the Hidden Flows of e-waste. Greenpeace International, Amsterdam .
  • GREGSON, N. and CREWE, L. (1994): ‘Beyond the high street and the mall: car boot fairs and the new geographies of consumption in the 1990s’, Area 26 (3): 261267.
  • GREGSON, N. and CREWE, L. (2003): Second-Hand Cultures. Berg, Oxford .
  • GREGSON, N., CRANG, M., AHAMED, F., AKHTER, N. and FERDOUS, R. (2010a): ‘Following things of rubbish value: end-of-life ships, “chock-chocky” furniture and the Bangladeshi middle class consumer’, Geoforum 41 (6): 846854.
  • GREGSON, N., CREWE, L. and METCALFE, A. (2005): Disposal, devaluation and consumerism: or how and why things come not to matter. Report to the Economic and Social Research Council. University of Sheffield, Sheffield .
  • GREGSON, N., METCALFE, A. and CREWE, L. (2007a): ‘Moving things along: the conduits and practices of divestment in consumption’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers NS 32 (2): 187200.
  • GREGSON, N., METCALFE, A. and CREWE, L. (2007b): ‘Identity, mobility, and the throwaway society’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 25 (4): 682700.
  • GREGSON, N., WATKINS, H. and CALESTANI, M. (2010b): ‘Inextinguishable fibres: demolition and the vital materialisms of asbestos’, Environment and Planning A 42 (5): 10651083.
  • HANSEN, K. T. (1995): ‘Transnational biographies and local meanings: used clothing practices in Lusaka’, Journal of Southern African Studies 21 (1): 131145.
  • HANSEN, K. T. (2003): ‘Fashioning: Zambian moments’, Journal of Material Culture 8 (3): 301309.
  • HANSEN, K. T. (2004): ‘Helping or hindering? Controversies around the international second-hand clothing trade’, Anthropology Today 20 (4): 39.
  • HAWKINS, G. (2001): ‘Plastic bags: living with rubbish’, International Journal of Cultural Studies 4 (1): 523.
  • HENDERSON, J., DICKEN, P., HESS, M., COE, N. and YEUNG, H. W.-C. (2002): ‘Global production networks and the analysis of economic development’, Review of International Political Economy 9 (3): 436464.
  • HERAT, S. (2008): ‘Environmental impacts and use of brominated flame retardants in electrical and electronic equipment’, Environmentalist 28 (4): 348357.
  • HETHERINGTON, K. (2004): ‘Secondhandedness: consumption, disposal, and absent presence’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 22 (1): 157173.
  • HÖGES, C. (2009): ‘The children of Sodom and Gomorrah: how Europe's discarded computers are poisoning Africa's kids’, Spiegel Online International 12 April [online document]. URL http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,665061,00.html [accessed 4 December 2009].
  • ILES, A. (2004): ‘Mapping environmental justice in technology flows: computer waste impacts in Asia’, Global Environmental Politics 4 (4): 76107.
  • IMF (2010): ‘World Economic Outlook database’, International Monetary Fund [online resource]. URL http://imf.org/exter-nal/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/index.aspx [accessed 23 March 2010].
  • JOHNS, J. (2006): ‘Video games production networks: value capture, power relations and embeddedness’, Journal of Economic Geography 6 (2): 151180.
  • KAHHAT, R., KIM, J., XU, M., ALLENBY, B. and WILLIAMS, E. (2008a): ‘Proposal for an e-waste management system for the United States’, ISEE '08 Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. IEEE Computer Society, San Francisco , CA .
  • KAHHAT, R., KIM, J., XU, M., ALLENBY, B., WILLIAMS, E. and ZHANG, P. (2008b): ‘Exploring e-waste management systems in the United States’, Resources Conservation and Recycling 52 (7): 955964.
  • KAHHAT, R. and WILLIAMS, E. (2009): ‘Product or waste? Importation and end-of-life processing of computers in Peru’, Environmental Science and Technology 43 (15): 60106016.
  • KANG, H.-Y. and SCHOENUNG, J. M. (2005): ‘Electronic waste recycling: a review of US infrastructure and technology options’, Resources, Conservation and Recycling 45 (4): 368400.
  • KAPLINSKY, R. and MORRIS, M. (2001): A Handbook for Value Chain Research. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa , ON .
  • KENNEY, M. and FLORIDA, R. (1994): ‘Japanese maquiladoras: production organization and global commodity chains’, World Development 22 (1): 2744.
  • KLEIN, P. (2009): ‘Ghana: digital dumping ground’, Frontline/World, PBS [online document]. URL http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/ghana804/resources/ewaste.html [accessed 17 February 2010].
  • KOPYTOFF, I. (1986): ‘The cultural biography of things: commoditization as process’, in APPADURAI, A. (ed.): The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , pp. 6491.
  • KRETSCHMER, A. (2000): ‘Mortuary rites for inanimate objects: the case of hari kuy, Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 27 (3–4): 379404.
  • KULKE, E. and STAFFELD, R. (2009): ‘Informal production systems – the role of the informal economy in the plastic recycling and processing industry in Dhaka’, Die Erde 140 (1): 2543.
  • LEPAWSKY, J. and MATHER, C. (forthcoming): ‘From beginnings and endings to boundaries and edges: rethinking exchange through electronic waste’, Area.
  • LEPAWSKY, J. and McNABB, C. (2010): ‘Mapping international flows of electronic waste’, Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien 54 (2): 177195.
  • LI, H., BAI, J., LI, Y., CHENG, H., ZENG, E. Y. and YOU, J. (2011): ‘Short-range transport of contaminants released from e-waste recycling site in South China’, Journal of Environmental Monitoring 13 (4): 836843.
  • LI, Y., XU, X., WU, K., CHEN, G., LIU, J., CHEN, S., GU, C., ZHANG, B., ZHENG, L., ZHENG, M. and HUO, X. (2008): ‘Monitoring of lead load and its effect on neonatal behavioral neurological assessment scores in Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling town in China’, Journal of Environmental Monitoring 10 (10): 12331238.
  • LOPEZ, B. N., MAN, Y. B., ZHAO, Y. G., ZHENG, J. S., LEUNG, A. O. W., YAO, J. and WONG, M. H. (forthcoming): ‘Major pollutants in soils of abandoned agricultural land contaminated by e-waste activities in Hong Kong’, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.
  • MARX, K. (1865): Value, Price and Profit [online document]. URL http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/down-load/pdf.htm [accessed 20 December 2010].
  • MEMON, M. A. (2002): ‘Solid waste management in Dhaka, Bangladesh: innovation in community driven composting’ [online document]. URL http://kitakyushu.iges.or.jp/docs/demo/dhaka_bangladesh/spdhaka.pdf [accessed 21 March 2011].
  • MILGRAM, L. B. (2005): ‘“Ukay-ukay” chic: tales of second hand clothing in the Philippine Cordillera’, in PALMER, A. and CLARK, H. (eds): Old Clothes, New Looks: Second Hand Fashion. Berg , Oxford, pp. 135153.
  • MoC (2008): Import Policy Order (2006–2009). Ministry of Commerce, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka .
  • MOL, A. (2002): The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice. Duke University Press, Durham , NC .
  • MOSER, W. (2002): ‘The acculturation of waste’, in NEVILLE, B. and VILLENEUVE, J. (eds): Waste-Site Stories: The Recycling of Memory. State University of New York Press, Albany , NY , pp. 85106.
  • MUENHOR, D., HARRAD, S., ALI, N. and COVACI, A. (2010): ‘Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in air and dust from electronic waste storage facilities in Thailand’, Environment International 36 (7): 690698.
  • NEUMAYER, E. (2001): ‘Pollution havens: an analysis of policy options for dealing with an elusive phenomenon’, Journal of Environment and Development 10 (2): 147177.
  • NNOROM, I. C. and OSIBANJO, O. (2009): ‘Toxicity characterization of waste mobile phone plastics’, Journal of Hazardous Materials 161 (1): 183188.
  • NORRIS, L. (2005): ‘Cast(e)-off clothing’, Anthropology Today 21 (3): 24.
  • NORRIS, L. (2010): Recycling Indian Clothing: Global Contexts of Reuse and Value. Indiana University Press, Bloomington , IN .
  • O'BRIEN, M. (1999): ‘Rubbish-power: towards a sociology of the rubbish society’, in HEARN, J. and ROSENEIL, S. (eds): Consuming Cultures: Power and Resistance. St Martin's Press, New York , pp. 262277.
  • PACIFIC CONSULTANTS INTERNATIONAL (2005): The Study on the Solid Waste Management in Dhaka City. Final Report. Vol. 3: Supporting Report. Dhaka City Corporation and Japan International Cooperation Agency, Dhaka .
  • PELLOW, D. N. (2007): Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice. MIT Press, Cambridge , MA .
  • PELLOW, D. N. and PARK, L. S.-H. (2002): The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-tech Global Economy. New York University Press, New York .
  • PORT of SINGAPORE AUTHORITY (2011): ‘PSA Singapore’ [online document]. URL http://www.singaporepsa.com/aboutus.php [accessed 9 March 2011].
  • POSTILL, J. (2003): The life and afterlife crises of Saribas Iban television sets. Media@LSE Electronic Working Papers 5, London School of Economics and Political Science, London .
  • RATHJE, W. L. and MURPHY, C. (1992): Rubbish! The Archaeology of Garbage. HarperCollins, New York .
  • RIISGAARD, L., BOLWIG, S., PONTE, S., Du TOIT, A., HALBERG, N. and MATOSE, F. (2010): ‘Integrating poverty and environmental concerns into value-chain analysis: a strategic framework and practical guide’, Development Policy Review 28 (2): 195216.
  • RITA (2010): Freight Transportation: Global Highlights, 2010. Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, US Department of Transportation, Washington , DC .
  • SBC (n.d.): ‘Basel convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal’, Secretariat of the Basel Convention, Geneva [online document]. URL http://www.basel.int/text/con-e-rev.doc [accessed 12 September 2005].
  • SHOVE, E. (2003): Comfort, Cleanliness and Convenience: The Social Organization of Normality. Berg, Oxford .
  • SIKDER, M. J. U. (2008): ‘Bangladesh’, Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 17 (3–4): 257275.
  • SMITH, T., SONNENFELD, D. A. and PELLOW, D. N. (2006): Challenging the Chip: Labor Rights and Environmental Justice in the Global Electronics Industry. Temple University Press, Philadelphia , PA .
  • STAROSTA, G. (2010a): ‘Global commodity chains and the Marxian law of value’, Antipode 42 (2): 433465.
  • STAROSTA, G. (2010b): ‘The outsourcing of manufacturing and the rise of giant global contractors: a Marxian approach to some recent transformations of global value chains’, New Political Economy 15 (4): 543563.
  • STRASSER, S. (1999): Waste and Want: A Social History of Trash. Metropolitan Books, New York .
  • TAYLOR, M. (2007): ‘Rethinking the global production of uneven development’, Globalizations 4 (4): 529542.
  • THOMPSON, M. (1979): Rubbish Theory: The Creation and Destruction of Value. Oxford University Press, Oxford .
  • TOXIC LINK INDIA (2003): Scrapping the High-Tech Myth: Computer Waste in India. Toxic Link India, New Delhi [copy available from the authors].
  • TOXIC LINK INDIA (2007): Mumbai: Choking on e-Waste – A Study on the Status of e-Waste in Mumbai. Toxic Link India, New Delhi .
  • TUE, N. M., SUDARYANTO, A., MINH, T. B., ISOBE, T., TAKAHASHI, S., VIET, P. H. and TANABE, S. (2010): ‘Accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls and brominated flame retardants in breast milk from women living in Vietnamese e-waste recycling sites’, Science of the Total Environment 408 (9): 21552162.
  • ULLAH, A. and PANDAY, P. K. (2007): ‘Remitting money to Bangladesh: what do migrants prefer?’, Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 16 (1): 121137.
  • WANG, H., HAN, M., YANG, S., CHEN, Y., LIU, Q. and KE, S. (2011): ‘Urinary heavy metal levels and relevant factors among people exposed to e-waste dismantling’, Environment International 37 (1): 8085.
  • WEIDENHAMER, J. D. and CLEMENT, M. L. (2007a): ‘Widespread lead contamination of imported low-cost jewelry in the US’, Chemosphere 67 (5): 961965.
  • WEIDENHAMER, J. D. and CLEMENT, M. L. (2007b): ‘Leaded electronic waste is a possible source material for lead-contaminated jewelry’, Chemosphere 69 (7): 11111115.
  • WEIDENHAMER, J. D. and CLEMENT, M. L. (2007c): ‘Evidence of recycling of lead battery waste into highly leaded jewelry’, Chemosphere 69 (10): 16701672.
  • WHITSON, R. (forthcoming): ‘Negotiating place and value: geographies of waste and scavenging in Buenos Aires’, Antipode.
  • WILLIAMS, E. (2004): ‘Energy intensity of computer manufacturing: hybrid assessment combining process and economic input–output methods’, Environmental Science and Technology 38 (22): 61666174.
  • WILLIAMS, E. D., AYRES, R. U. and HELLER, M. (2002): ‘The 1.7 kilogram microchip: energy and material use in the production of semiconductor devices’, Environmental Science and Technology 36 (24): 55045510.
  • WU, K., XU, X., LIU, J., GUO, Y., LI, Y. and HUO, X. (2010): ‘Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in umbilical cord blood and relevant factors in neonates from Guiyu, China’, Environmental Science and Technology 44 (2): 813819.
  • XING, G. H., CHAN, J. K. Y., LEUNG, A. O. W., WU, S. C. and WONG, M. H. (2009): ‘Environmental impact and human exposure to PCBs in Guiyu, an electronic waste recycling site in China’, Environment International 35 (1): 7682.
  • YU, J., WILLIAMS, E., JU, M. and YANG, Y. (2010): ‘Forecasting global generation of obsolete personal computers’, Environmental Science and Technology 44 (9): 32323237.