Foreign Direct Investment and Environmental Taxes


Address for correspondence: Frank Stähler, Department of Economics, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. Tel.: +64-3-4798645; fax: +64-3-4794174; e-mail:


Abstract. This paper studies the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on environmental policy stringency in a two-country model with trade costs, where FDI could be unilateral and bilateral and both governments address local pollution through environmental taxes. We show that FDI does not give rise to ecological dumping because the host country has an incentive to shift rents away from the source country toward the host country. Environmental policy strategies and welfare effects are studied under the assumption that parameter values support FDI to be profitable.