Double Standards in Educational Standards – Do Schools with a Disadvantaged Student Body Grade More Leniently?
Article first published online: 8 MAR 2012
© 2012 The Authors. German Economic Review © 2012 Verein für Socialpolitik
German Economic Review
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 166–189, May 2013
How to Cite
Himmler, O. and Schwager, R. (2013), Double Standards in Educational Standards – Do Schools with a Disadvantaged Student Body Grade More Leniently?. German Economic Review, 14: 166–189. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0475.2012.00563.x
- Issue published online: 11 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 8 MAR 2012
- social status;
A simple model of decentralized graduation standards is presented. It is shown that a school whose students are disadvantaged on the labor market applies less demanding standards because such students have lower ability or less incentives to graduate. The model's predictions are tested using Dutch school-level data. Since students in the Netherlands have to participate in both a central and a school specific examination, we can identify the grading policy of individual schools. We find that schools which harbor greater shares of disadvantaged students tend to set lower standards. This association is most pronounced in the track of secondary schooling that prepares for university.