I would like to thank John Bishop, Lex Borghans, Bernd Fitzenberger, Nicole Gürtzgen, Hans Heijke, Marisa Hidalgo-Hidalgo, Kevin Lang, Charlotte Lauer, François Laisney, Ludger Woessmann, the editor and three anonymous referees for helpful comments. The data are public use files. The views expressed are those of the author. The usual disclaimer applies.
Institutional Features of Schooling Systems and Educational Inequality: Cross-Country Evidence From PIRLS and PISA†
Article first published online: 8 MAR 2012
© 2012 The Author. German Economic Review © 2012 Verein für Socialpolitik
German Economic Review
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 190–213, May 2013
How to Cite
Ammermueller, A. (2013), Institutional Features of Schooling Systems and Educational Inequality: Cross-Country Evidence From PIRLS and PISA. German Economic Review, 14: 190–213. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0475.2012.00565.x
- Issue published online: 11 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 8 MAR 2012
- Equality of educational opportunity;
- schooling institutions;
- PISA ;
Educational opportunities determine the intergenerational mobility of human capital and affect the distribution of earnings on the labour market. This paper aims at explaining cross-country differences in educational opportunities by features of schooling systems. The theoretical model predicts that a greater differentiation of the schooling system as indicated by streaming and a large share of private schools decreases educational opportunities while more instruction time increases educational opportunities. The empirical results that are based on a difference-in-differences estimation approach to control for country-specific effects support these hypotheses.