12.3 References

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    Morris A, Creasman J, Turner J, Luce JM, Wachter RM, Huang L. Intensive care of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients during the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002; 166: 262267.
  • 2
    Casalino E, Wolff M, Ravaud P, Choquet C, Bruneel F, Regnier B. Impact of HAART advent on admission patterns and survival in HIV-infected patients admitted to an intensive care unit. AIDS 2004; 18: 14291433.
  • 3
    Dickson SJ, Batson S, Copas AJ, Edwards SG, Singer M, Miller RF. Survival of HIV-infected patients in the intensive care unit in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Thorax 2007; 62: 964968.
  • 4
    Lawn SD, Bekker LG, Miller RF. Immune reconstitution disease associated with mycobacterial infections in HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretrovirals. Lancet Infect Dis 2005; 5: 361373.
  • 5
    Wachter RM, Luce JM, Turner J, Volberding P, Hopewell PC. Intensive care of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: outcome and changing patterns of utilization. Am Rev Respir Dis 1986; 134: 891896.
  • 6
    Nickas G, Wachter RM. Outcomes of intensive care for patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 541547.
  • 7
    Smith RL, Levine SM, Lewis ML. Prognosis of patients with AIDS requiring intensive care. Chest 1989; 96: 857861.
  • 8
    Vincent B, Timsit JF, Aubertin M et al. Characteristics and outcomes of HIV-infected patients in the ICU: Impact of the highly active antiretroviral treatment era. Intensive Care Med 2004; 30: 859866.
  • 9
    Powell K, Davis JL, Morris AM, Chi A, Bensley MR, Huang L. Survival for patients with HIV admitted to the ICU continues to improve in the current era of combination antiretroviral therapy. Chest 2009; 135: 12.
  • 10
    Miller RF, Allen E, Copas A, Singer M, Edwards SG. Improved survival for HIV-infected patients with severe Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia is independent of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Thorax 2006; 61: 716721.
  • 11
    The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med 2000; 342: 13011308.