• 1
    Dudkiewicz I, Covo A, Salai M, Israeli A, Amit Y, Chechik A. Total hip arthroplasty alter avascular necrosis of the femoral head: does etiology affect results? Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2004; 124: 8285.
  • 2
    Goorney BP, Lacey H, Thurairajasingam S, Brown JD. Avascular necrosis of the hip in a man with HIV infection. Genitourin Med 1990; 66: 451452.
  • 3
    Morse CG, Mican JM, Jones EC et al. The incidence and natural history of osteonecrosis in HIV-infected adults. Clin Infect Dis 2007; 44: 739748.
  • 4
    Ries MD, Barcohana B, Davidson A, Jergesen HE, Paiement GD. Association between human immunodeficiency virus and osteonecrosis of the femoral head. J Arthroplasty 2002; 17: 135139.
  • 5
    Allison GT, Bostrom MP, Glesby MJ. Osteonecrosis in HIV disease: epidemiology, etiologies, and clinical management. AIDS 2003; 17: 19.
  • 6
    Lamas JL, Ocampo A, Martínez-Vázquez C et al. Asymptomatic osteonecrosis of the hip in HIV-infected patients. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2010; 28: 150155.
  • 7
    Yombi JC, Vandercam B, Wilmes D, Dubuc JE, Vincent A, Docquier PL. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head in patients with type 1 human immunodeficiency virus infection: clinical analysis and review. Clin Rheumatol 2009; 28: 815823.
  • 8
    Mary-Krause M, Billaud E, Poizot-Martin I et al. Risk factors for osteonecrosis in HIV-infected patients: impact of treatment with combination antiretroviral therapy. AIDS 2006; 20: 16271635.
  • 9
    Molia AC, Strady C, Rouger C, Beguinot IM, Berger JL, Trenque TC. Osteonecrosis in six HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Ann Pharmacother 2004; 38: 20502054.
  • 10
    Monier P, McKown K, Bronze MS. Osteonecrosis complicating highly active antiretroviral therapy in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis 2000; 31: 14881492.
  • 11
    Glesby MJ. Bone disorders in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis 2003; 37 (Suppl 2): S91S95.
  • 12
    Tsai YC, Liu CH, Liao CH, Chen MY, Hung CC. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head in a human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected patient with lipodystrophy. J Formos Med Assoc 2002; 101: 210213.
  • 13
    Calza L, Manfredi R, Chiodo F. Osteonecrosis in HIV- infected patients and its correlation with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Presse Med 2003; 32: 595598.
  • 14
    Bottaro EG, Figueroa RH, Scapellato PG et al. Osteonecrosis in HIV-infected patients. Medicina (B Aires) 2004; 64: 325331.
  • 15
    Ho YC, Shih TT, Lin YH et al. Osteonecrosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in Taiwan. Jpn J Infect Dis 2007; 60: 382386.
  • 16
    Mondy K, Tebas P. Emerging bone problems in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis 2003; 36: S101S105.
  • 17
    Martinez E, Milinkovic A, Buira E et al. Incidence and causes of death in HIV-infected persons receiving highly active antirretroviral therapy compared with estimates for the general population of similar age and from the same geographical area. HIV Med 2007; 8: 251258.
  • 18
    Hsue PY, Giri K, Erickson S et al. Clinical features of acute coronary syndromes in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Circulation 2004; 109: 316319.
  • 19
    Jiménez-Expósito MJ, Mestres CA, Claramonte X et al. Mortality and morbidity in HIV-infected patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: a case control study. Rev Esp Cardiol 2006; 59: 276279.
  • 20
    Deeks SG, Phillips AN. HIV infection, antiretroviral treatment, ageing, and non-AIDS related morbidity. BMJ 2009 26; 338: a3172.
  • 21
    Lehman CR, Ries MD, Paiement GD, Davidson AB. Infection after total joint arthroplasty in patients with human immunodeficiency virus or intravenous drug use. J Arthroplasty 2001; 16: 330335.
  • 22
    Parvizi J, Sullivan TA, Pagnano MW, Trousdale RT, Bolander ME. Total joint arthroplasty in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients: an alarming rate of early failure. J Arthroplasty 2003; 18: 259264.
  • 23
    Powell DL, Whitener CJ, Dye CE, Ballard JO, Shaffer ML, Eyster ME. Knee and hip arthroplasty infection rates in persons with haemophilia: a 27 year single center experience during the HIV epidemic. Haemophilia 2005; 11: 233239.
  • 24
    National Center for Infections Diseases Division of HIV/AIDS. 1993 Revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. MMWR 1992; 41: RR1R17.
  • 25
    Ficat RP. Idiopathic bone necrosis of the femoral head: early diagnosis and treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1985; 67: 39.
  • 26
    American Society of Anesthesiologists. New classification of physical status [editorial]. Anesthesiology 1963; 24: 111.
  • 27
    Merle d'Aubigne R, Postel M. Functional results of hip arthroplasty with acrylic prostheses. J Bone Joint Surg 1945; 36A: 451475.
  • 28
    Mahoney CR, Glesby MJ, DiCarlo EF, Peterson MG, Bostrom MP. Total hip arthroplasty in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: pathologic findings and surgical outcomes. Acta Orthop 2005; 76: 198203.
  • 29
    Habermann B, Eberhardt C, Kurth AA. Total joint replacement in HIV positive patients. J Infect 2008; 57: 4146.
  • 30
    Bahebeck J, Eone DH, Nonga BN, Kingue TN, Sosso M. Implant orthopaedic surgery in HIV asymptomatic carriers: management and early outcome. Injury 2009; 40: 11471150.
  • 31
    Harrison WJ, Lavy CB, Lewis CP. One-year follow-up of orthopaedic implants in HIV-positive patients. Int Orthop 2004; 28: 329332.
  • 32
    Yoo JJ, Chun SH, Kwon YS, Koo KH, Yoon KS, Kim HJ. Operations about hip in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. Clin Orthop Surg 2010; 2: 2227.
  • 33
    Harrison WJ. HIV/AIDS in trauma and orthopaedic surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2005; 87: 11781181.
  • 34
    Wroblewski BM, Siney PD, Fleming PA. Charnley low-frictional torque arthroplasty for avascular necrosis of the femoral. J Arthroplasty 2005; 20: 870873.
  • 35
    Bizot P, Nizard R, Socie G, Gluckman E, Witvoet J, Sedet L. Femoral head osteonecrosis after bone marrow transplantation. Clin Orthop 1998; 357: 127134.
  • 36
    Dudkiewicz I, Covo A, Salai M, Israeli A, Amit Y, Chechik A. Total hip arthroplasty alter avascular necrosis of the femoral head: does etiology affect the results? Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2004; 24: 8285.
  • 37
    Winkler H. Rationale for one stage exchange of infected hip replacement using uncemented implants and antibiotic impregnated bone graft. Int J Med Sci 2009; 6: 247252.
  • 38
    Poggio D, García S, Rovira M, Combalía A, Gallart X, Riba J. Surgical treatment for vascular necrosis of femoral head after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Med Clin (Barc) 2006; 127: 738740.