Background and purpose: Mutations in fused in sarcoma (FUS) were recently identified as a cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The frequency of occurrence of mutations in FUS in sets of patients with familial ALS remains to be established.
Methods: We sequenced the FUS gene in a cohort of patients with familial ALS seen at the neuromuscular clinic in Leuven. A total of 28 patients with SOD1-negative ALS from 22 families were analyzed.
Results: We identified a R521H mutation in 4 patients, belonging to a kindred of dominantly inherited classical ALS. The mutation segregated with disease. Mutations in FUS were observed in 2.9% of ALS pedigrees in our cohort.
Conclusions: These results show that mutations in FUS are also a significant cause of familial ALS in Belgium.