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Duodenal levodopa/carbidopa infusion therapy in patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease leads to improvement in caregivers’ stress and burden

Authors


Dr. D. S. García, Section of Neurology, Hospital A. Marcide, c/San Pedro Leixa s/n, 15405 Ferrol, Spain (tel.: 981 334000; fax: 981 334015; e-mail: diegosangar@yahoo.es).

Abstract

Background:  Continuous duodenal levodopa infusion (DLI) is an effective therapy that improves quality of life (QoL) in advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the impact of DLI on caregivers’ stress and burden has not been reported.

Methods:  We evaluated prospectively open-label seven advanced PD patients (65.7 ± 9.6 years, 71.4% men) treated with DLI. Schwab & England Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADLS), 39-item Parkinson’s disease QoL Questionnaire Summary Index score (PDQ-39SI), Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (ZCBI), and Caregiver Strain Index (CSI) were used. Comparisons were made between scores obtained at baseline and those at a mean follow-up of 31.4 ± 7.9 months (range, 23–42).

Results:  In patients, mean ± SD ADLS was increased from 50 ± 8.2 to 80 ± 11.6 (P = 0.014), and mean ± SD PDQ-39SI was decreased from 53.7 ± 11.9 to 33.6 ± 12.8 (P = 0.018). In caregivers, ZCBI decreased from 43 ± 13.3 to 20.7 ± 12.1 (P = 0.018) and CSI from 6.3 ± 2.5 to 1.6 ± 0.9 (P = 0.018). At baseline, 57.1% of caregivers reported moderate to severe burden (ZCBI 41–88) compared to 28.6% at the end of the follow-up (P = 0.015); at that time, no caregiver reported high level of stress (CSI ≥ 7) compared to 57.1% at baseline (P = 0.046). There were significant correlations between ZCBI and CSI improvement (r = 0.813, P = 0.026), ZCBI and PDQ-39SI (r = 0.875, P = 0.01), and ZCBI and ADLS (r = 0.813, P = 0.026).

Conclusions:  Duodenal levodopa infusion-related clinical improvement in patients with advanced PD leads to substantial reductions in caregivers’ stress and burden.

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