*Doctoral candidate, King's College London. My thanks to Professor Alan Norrie and two anonymous referees for their comments on, and criticisms of, earlier drafts of this paper. The errors and opinions are my own.
The Responsible Subject As Citizen: Criminal Law, Democracy And The Welfare State
Article first published online: 9 JAN 2006
The Modern Law Review
Volume 69, Issue 1, pages 29–58, January 2006
How to Cite
Ramsay, P. (2006), The Responsible Subject As Citizen: Criminal Law, Democracy And The Welfare State. The Modern Law Review, 69: 29–58. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2230.2006.00575.x
- Issue published online: 9 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 9 JAN 2006
- criminal responsibility;
- history of doctrine;
This paper seeks to explain two problems posed by the history of criminal law doctrine by situating them in the context of the political sociology of citizenship. First, the paper outlines the logical connection between the rise to doctrinal orthodoxy of the idea of the responsible subject and the contemporaneous emergence of universal political citizenship. Secondly, it argues that subjectivist orthodoxy in doctrine may be reconciled with the apparently antithetical forms of regulatory strict liability law within the terms of ‘modern democratic citizenship’ as the latter were conceptualised by T. H. Marshall. Finally, by means of a comparison with Alan Brudner's recent philosophical rationalisation of the modern criminal law, it proposes that situating the criminal law in its environment of citizenship will help us to understand better the tensions that underlie contemporary challenges to its doctrine.