Is Alternative Agriculture a Viable Rural Development Strategy?
Article first published online: 3 JUL 2006
Growth and Change
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 239–253, April 1992
How to Cite
BARKLEY, D. L. and WILSON, P. N. (1992), Is Alternative Agriculture a Viable Rural Development Strategy?. Growth and Change, 23: 239–253. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2257.1992.tb00581.x
- Issue published online: 3 JUL 2006
- Article first published online: 3 JUL 2006
Alternative agriculture is promoted as a means of enhancing rural area jobs and income. This nontraditional agricultural activity is defined as: new crops or products to an area, industrial uses of agricultural products, value-enhancement activities, and urban agricultural activities. The potential for new agriculturally-related activities is summarized. The long-term rural economic and development potential, through new income and jobs, is assessed. Next, five case studies are provided to illustrate alternative agriculture successes, limited successes, and failures (Guayule, Jojoba, Muscadine grapes, market windows for fresh fruit and vegetables, and aquaculture). We conclude that alternative agriculture may be viable in select rural areas. However, total employment generation potential is too small and diffused to provide significant rural development impacts.