ABSTRACT  Economic and demographic restructuring, along with the increasing desirability of environmental amenities, have driven growth in the eight-state region of the Rocky Mountain West to extraordinary levels in recent decades. While social scientists have developed a solid conceptual understanding of the processes driving growth and change in the region, the broad nature of the land use outcomes associated with in-migration has not received nearly as much scholarly attention. This article initiates an in-depth empirical investigation on the magnitude, nature, and spatial variation of land use change in the Rocky Mountain West over the 1982-1997 time period. Data from the USDA's National Resources Inventory reveals that the conversion of landscapes from rural to urban types of land uses varies significantly from place to place, not only in terms of total land developed, but also with respect to how population pressures and a number of other local characteristics of counties manifest themselves in the spatial pattern of growth.