The author is most grateful to David Carpenter and David d'Avray for commenting on drafts of this article.
The Montfortian bishops and the justification of conciliar government in 1264*
Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2011
Copyright © 2011 Institute of Historical Research
Volume 85, Issue 228, pages 193–209, May 2012
How to Cite
Ambler, S. (2012), The Montfortian bishops and the justification of conciliar government in 1264. Historical Research, 85: 193–209. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2281.2011.00587.x
- Issue online: 11 APR 2012
- Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2011
In 1266, five English bishops were suspended from office for supporting Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, in rebellion against King Henry III. The action in which the bishops had conspired was highly controversial: the violent imposition of a conciliar government that ruled in the king's name. This article examines the justifications for this system of government produced by the Montfortian religious milieu, showing that the bishops' arguments were not part of a coherent philosophy on royal government but rather ad hoc responses shaped by the context of their production in the midst of dramatic political change.