The author would like to thank John Maddicott for providing detailed comment and helpful suggestions on the draft of this article, and Julian Munby who supplied some welcome initial guidance on a topic in which he has a longstanding interest; both facilitated the author's re-entry into Oxford's medieval history after many years on the continent, as did Alan Crossley of the Oxford Historical Society. All errors are, of course, the author's own.
Complaints of the lesser commune, oligarchic rule and baronial reform in thirteenth-century Oxford*
Article first published online: 26 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 Institute of Historical Research
Volume 85, Issue 229, pages 353–371, August 2012
How to Cite
Hammer, C. I. (2012), Complaints of the lesser commune, oligarchic rule and baronial reform in thirteenth-century Oxford. Historical Research, 85: 353–371. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2281.2012.00595.x
- Issue published online: 5 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 26 APR 2012
In 1253 the ‘lesser commune’ of Oxford directed a petition to Henry III with complaints against the ‘magnates’ there who were misusing their powers over taxation and commerce and otherwise abusing their authority. After examining the persons and the complaints, this article concludes that the petition is credible and its complaints consistent with the concerns of the baronial reform movement. But after 1265 the old oligarchy was able to reassert its local dominance. The article contributes to the ‘pre-history’ of the reform movement and to the role of towns in it, both of which are still largely unexplored.