This research is part of a project funded by the National Science Foundation grant #9905576. The authors are grateful to Wolfgang Keller, John List, Rod Ludema, Dan Millimet, and Michael Rauscher for comments, and to Akito Matsumoto and Sjamsu Rahardja for research assistance. Taylor thanks the Princeton Economics Department for its hospitality during the time he worked on this article, and the Vilas Trust at the University of Wisconsin for funding. Please address correspondence to: Arik Levinson, Economics Department, Georgetown University, 3700 O Street, NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA. Telephone: 202-687-5571. E-mail: email@example.com.
UNMASKING THE POLLUTION HAVEN EFFECT*
Article first published online: 12 FEB 2008
2008 by the Economics Department Of The University Of Pennsylvania And Osaka University Institute Of Social And Economic Research Association
International Economic Review
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 223–254, February 2008
How to Cite
Levinson, A. and Taylor, M. S. (2008), UNMASKING THE POLLUTION HAVEN EFFECT. International Economic Review, 49: 223–254. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2354.2008.00478.x
Manuscript received July 2004; revised September 2006.
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 12 FEB 2008
We use theory and empirics to examine the effect of environmental regulations on trade flows. A simple model demonstrates how unobserved heterogeneity, endogeneity, and aggregation issues bias standard measurements of this relationship. A reduced-form estimate of the model, using data on U.S. regulations and trade with Canada and Mexico for 130 manufacturing industries from 1977 to 1986, indicates that industries whose abatement costs increased most experienced the largest increases in net imports. For the average industry, the change in net imports we ascribe to regulatory costs amounting to 10% of the total increase in trade volume over the period.