SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Appadurai, A. (1996) Modernity at large. Cultural dimensions of globalization. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis and London.
  • CSA (1957) Rapport du colloque sur le Eichhornia Crassipes à Léopoldville, du 3 au 7 décembre 1957, [Report of the colloquium on Eichhornia Crassipes at Leopoldville 3–7 December 1957]. Secretariat Conjoint CSA (A46/3ième DG: 607: 3/2), Archives Africaines, Brussels.
  • De Boeck, F. and M.-F. Plissart (2004) Kinshasa. Tales of the invisible city. Ludion, Tervuren.
  • De Kimpe, P. (1957) Le contrôle de la Jacinthe d'eau [Control of the Water Hyacinth]. Bulletin Agricole du Congo Belge XLVIII.1, February, 10551.
  • Devisch, R. (1995) Frenzy, violence, and ethical renewal in Kinshasa. Public Culture 1995.7, 593629.
  • Emizet, K.N.F. (1998) Confronting leaders at the apex of the state: the growth of the unofficial economy in Congo. African Studies Review 41.1, 99137.
  • Ferguson, B.R. and N.L. Whitehead (1992) The violent edge of empire. In R.B. Ferguson and N.L. Whitehead (eds.), War in the tribal zone. Expanding states and indigenous warfare. School of American Research Press, Santa Fe.
  • Ferguson, J. (1999) Expectations of modernity. myths and meanings of urban life on the Zambian copperbelt. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles.
  • Hannerz, U. (2010) Diversity is our business. American Anthropologist 112.4, 53951.
  • Hansen, K.T. (1999) Second-hand clothing encounters in Zambia. Global discourses, Western commodities and local histories. In R. Fardon, W. van Binsbergen and R. van Dijk (eds.), Modernity on a shoestring. Dimensions of globalization, consumption and development in Africa and beyond. EIDOS, Leiden and London.
  • Hecht, D. and A. Simone (1994) Invisible governance. The art of African micro-politics. Autonomedia, New York.
  • Hilgers, M. (2009) Une ethnographie à l'échelle de la ville. Urbanité, histoire et reconnaissance à Koudougou (Burkina Faso) [An ethnographie on the scale of a city. Urbanity, history and identification at Koudougou (Burkina Faso)]. Editions Karthala, Paris.
  • Hobsbawn, E. and T. Ranger (1983) The invention of tradition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Infor Congo (n.d.) Waterhyacinten [Water Hyacinth]. Informative documentary, production: Congo Films, documentary maker: Henri Philips, director: André Scohy. Brussels: Cinematek.
  • Jewsiewicki, B. (1994) Painting in Zaire: from the invention of the West to the representation of social self. In S. Vogel (ed.), Africa explores. Twentieth-century African art. The Museum for African Art, New York, and Prestel, Munich.
  • Jewsiewicki, B. (2003) Mami Wata. La peinture urbaine au Congo [Mami Wata. Urban painting in Congo]. Gallimard, Paris.
  • Kambale, J. (2004) Energy-DRC: Power under uncertain circumstances. [WWW document]. URL http://www.ipsnews.net/africa/interna.asp?idnews=24627 (accessed 4 August 2011).
  • Kambalume Kahindo, M. (1973) Histoire du centre de Butembo (1949–1958)[History of the centre of Butembo (1949–1958)]. Unpublished licentiate's thesis, National University of Zaire, Lubumbashi Campus.
  • Lagae, J. (2004) Modern living in the Congo: the 1958 Colonial Housing Exhibit and postwar domestic practices in the Belgian colony. The Journal of Architecture 9 (Winter), 47794.
  • Larkin, B. (2008) Signal and noise. Media, infrastructure, and urban culture in Nigeria. Duke University Press, Durham and London.
  • Lederer, A. (1957) A propos de la lutte contre la jacinthe d'eau au Congo belge [On the struggle against the Water Hyacinth in the Belgian Congo]. Bulletin des Séances/Mededelingen der Zittingen, Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales/Koninklijke Academie voor Koloniale Wetenschappen (Nouvelle série – Nieuwe reeks), III.4, 9238.
  • Lederer, A. (1965) Histoire de la navigation au Congo[History of navigation in Congo]. Tervuren: Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika/Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Annalen — Reeks IN-8°, Historische Wetenschappen — nr 2, 1965/Annales — Serie IN-8°, Sciences Historiques n° 2.
  • Locatelli, F. and P. Nugent (2009) Introduction. In F. Locatelli and P. Nugent (eds.), African cities. Competing claims on urban spaces, Brill, Leiden.
  • MacGaffey, J. (1987) Entrepreneurs and parasites. The struggle for indigenous capitalism in Zaire. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Malaquais, D. (2006) Douala/Johannesburg/New York: cityscapes imagined. In M.J. Murray and G.A. Myers (eds.), Cities in contemporary Africa, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Marvel, T. (1948) The new Congo. Duell, Sloan and Pearce, New York.
  • Mbembe, A. and S. Nuttall (2004) Writing the world from an African metropolis. Public Culture 16.3, 34772.
  • Mercado, B.L. (1979) Biology, problems and control of Eichhornia Crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Biotrop Bulletin 16, 352.
  • Murray, M.J. and G.A. Myers (eds.) (2006) Cities in contemporary Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Ndaywel è Nziem, I. (2008) Nouvelle histoire du Congo. Des origines à la République Démocratique [Revised history of Congo. From its origins to the Democratic Republic]. Le Cri édition, Brussells.
  • Ngandu Nkashama, P. (1997) Ruptures et écritures de violence. Études sur le roman et les littératures africaines contemporaines [Ruptures and writings of violence. Studies on African novels and contemporary literature]. L'Harmattan, Paris.
  • Paluku Kitakya, A. (2007) Interactions entre la gestion foncière et l'économie locale en region de Butembo, Nord Kivu, République Démocratique du Congo [Interactions between landownership and the local economy in the Butembo area, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo]. Presses Universitaires de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve.
  • Pieterse, E. (2009) Exploratory notes on African urbanism. [WWW document]. URL http://www.uct.ac.zadownloads/uct.ac.za/calendar/AfricanUrbanismNotes.pdf (accessed 21 November 2009).
  • Piot, Ch. D. (1993) Secrecy, ambiguity, and the everyday in Kabre culture. American Anthropologist (new series) 95.2, 35370.
  • Raeymaekers, T. (2007) The power of protection. Governance and transborder trade on the Congo-Ugandan frontier. PhD dissertation, Department of Political and Social Sciences, Ghent University.
  • Raeymaekers, T. (2009) The silent encroachment of the frontier: a politics of transborder trade in the Semliki Valley (Congo-Uganda). Political Geography 28, 556.
  • Robinson, J. (2002) Global and world cities: a view from off the map. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 26.3, 53154.
  • Robyns, W. (1955) Le genre Eichhornia, spécialement E. Crassipes (Jacinthe d'eau) au Congo belge [The species Eichornia, especially E. Crassipes (Water Hyacinth) in the Belgian Congo]. Bulletin des Séances/Mededelingen der Zittingen, Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales/Koninklijke Academie voor Koloniale Wetenschappen, (Nouvelle série — Nieuwe reeks), 1 – 1955 – 6, Bruxelles/Brussel.
  • Ruiz Téllez, T., E. Martín de Rodrigo López, G. Lorenzo Granado, E. Albano Pérez, R. Morán López and J.L. Sánchez Guzmán (2008) The Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes: an invasive plant in the Guadiana River Basin (Spain). Aquatic Invasions 3.1, 4253.
  • Simone, A. (2002) The visible and invisible: remaking cities in Africa. In O. Enwezor, C. Basualdo, U. Meta Bauer, S. Ghez, S. Maharaj, M. Nash and O. Zaya (eds.), Under siege: four African cities, Freetown, Johannesburg, Kinshasa, Lagos. Hatje Cantz Publishers, Ostfildern-Ruit.
  • The Economist (2003) An oasis of hope. 4 December [WWW document]. URL http://www.economist.com/node/2269257?story_id=2269257 (accessed 4 August 2011).
  • Tuan, Y. (1991) Language and the making of place: a narrative-descriptive approach. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 81.4, 68496.
  • Vwakyanakazi, M. (1982) African traders in Butembo, Eastern Zaïre (1960–1980), A case study of informal entrepreneurship in a cultural context of Central Africa. PhD dissertation, Department of Philosophy (Anthropology), University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  • Vwakyanakazi, M. (1991) Import and export in the second economy in North Kivu. In J. MacGaffey (ed.), The real economy of Zaire. The contribution of smuggling and other unofficial activities to national wealth. University of Pennsylvania Press, PA.
  • White, L. (1993) Cars out of place: vampires, technology, and labor in East and Central Africa. Representations 43 (Summer), 2750.
  • Yoka, L.M.A. (1999) Kinshasa, signes de vie[Kinshasa, signs of life]. Editions L'Harmattan, Paris and Institut Africain-CEDAF/Afrika Instituut-ASDOC 42, Tervuren.