The author thanks Jimi Adésínà, Tommy Ferrarini, Ian Gough, Robert Hagfors, Walter Korpi, Thandika Mkandawire, Kenneth Nelson, Niels Ploug and two anonymous referees for their valuable comments.
Testing old theories in new surroundings: The timing of first social security laws in Africa
Article first published online: 3 JAN 2012
© 2012 The author(s). International Social Security Review © 2012 International Social Security Association
International Social Security Review
Volume 65, Issue 1, pages 73–97, January-March 2012
How to Cite
Kangas, O. E. (2012), Testing old theories in new surroundings: The timing of first social security laws in Africa. International Social Security Review, 65: 73–97. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-246X.2011.01420.x
- Issue published online: 3 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 3 JAN 2012
- sociological aspect;
- political aspect;
- social security scheme;
This article examines the timing of the introduction of four major social security programmes — work accident insurance, sickness benefits, pensions, and family allowances — in 43 African countries. Further, it explores whether legislative structure, dominant religion or the colonial past of the country is of importance when we control for year of independence, prosperity, degree of democracy, government stability, industrialization and the size and ethnic homogeneity of the population. On the basis of Cox hazard rate modelling it is concluded that industrialized, homogeneous and rather populous countries that were under French rule tend to be pioneers in African social security legislation.