Rob Euwals is associated also with Netspar and IZA. Daniel van Vuuren is associated also with Netspar. The authors thank Rob Alessie, Marloes Lammers, Arthur van Soest, Elisabetta Trevisan, and participants at seminars at CPB and Netspar for comments. Stichting Instituut GAK is acknowledged for the provision of financial support, while PGGM/PFZW and Statistics Netherlands are acknowledged for the provision of data.
The decline of substitute pathways into retirement: Empirical evidence from the Dutch health care sector
Article first published online: 2 JUL 2012
© 2012 The author(s). International Social Security Review © 2012 International Social Security Association
International Social Security Review
Volume 65, Issue 3, pages 101–122, July-September 2012
How to Cite
Euwals, R., van Vuren, A. and van Vuuren, D. (2012), The decline of substitute pathways into retirement: Empirical evidence from the Dutch health care sector. International Social Security Review, 65: 101–122. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-246X.2012.01438.x
- Issue published online: 2 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 2 JUL 2012
- labour force participation;
- early retirement;
- old age benefit;
- disability benefit;
- the Netherlands;
Early retirement schemes and disability insurance in the Netherlands have undergone several reforms in recent decades. The reforms have increased incentives for older workers to continue working and have decreased the roles of “substitute pathways” into retirement. This article gives an overview of the reforms and, using administrative data for workers in the health care sector, tests a number of hypotheses about the labour market participation of older workers. The results offer two main findings: i) that the Dutch reforms have indeed been effective, as the labour force participation rate of older workers has increased; and ii) the concept of “substitute pathways” has become less relevant as the use of disability insurance has been closed off as an exit route to early retirement. Nevertheless, caution is required before generalizing the implications of these Dutch findings to other OECD countries.