Author's note: Earlier versions of this article were presented at the 2002 annual meetings of the International Studies Association and the American Political Science Association. I am grateful to Jim Riker, John Boli, and the anonymous ISQ reviewers for their useful and insightful comments.
A View from the Top: International Politics, Norms and the Worldwide Growth of NGOs
Article first published online: 24 MAR 2006
International Studies Quarterly
Volume 50, Issue 1, pages 45–68, March 2006
How to Cite
REIMANN, K. D. (2006), A View from the Top: International Politics, Norms and the Worldwide Growth of NGOs. International Studies Quarterly, 50: 45–68. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2478.2006.00392.x
- Issue published online: 24 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 24 MAR 2006
This article provides a “top-down” explanation for the rapid growth of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the postwar period, focusing on two aspects of political globalization. First, I argue that international political opportunities in the form of funding and political access have expanded enormously in the postwar period and provided a structural environment highly conducive to NGO growth. Secondly, I present a norm-based argument and trace the rise of a pro-NGO norm in the 1980s and 1990s among donor states and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), which has actively promoted the spread of NGOs to non-Western countries. The article ends with a brief discussion of the symbiotic relationship among NGOs, IGOs, and states promoting international cooperation.