Author’s note : I want to express warm thanks to Ed Friedman, Stan Rosen, Hayward Alker, and three anonymous reviewers for comments on an earlier draft of this article. The three anonymous reviewers went well beyond the norm to provide excellent advice for rewriting. USC’s School of International Relations and its Center for International Studies funded research trips to Shanghai and Hong Kong, for which I am grateful. And let me also thank the USC Politics and International Relations Ph.D. students with whom I have exchanged ideas during the past couple of years. These students are all impressively knowledgeable about the frontiers of research and they force me to stay sharp.
Envisioning China’s Political Future: Elite Responses to Democracy as a Global Constitutive Norm
Version of Record online: 14 AUG 2007
International Studies Quarterly
Volume 51, Issue 3, pages 701–722, September 2007
How to Cite
Lynch, D. C. (2007), Envisioning China’s Political Future: Elite Responses to Democracy as a Global Constitutive Norm. International Studies Quarterly, 51: 701–722. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2478.2007.00470.x
While regulative norms or rules are “intended to have causal effects—getting people to approximate the speed limit, for example,” constitutive norms or rules “define the set of practices that make up any particular consciously-organized social activity,”identifying the actors and their interactions (Ruggie 1998:22); in this case, the “normal state” and its activities. Also see Ikenberry and Kupchan (1990), Jepperson, Wendt, and Katzenstein (1995), Katzenstein (1996), Finnemore (1996), Finnemore and Sikkink (1998), Meyer (1997), Boli and Thomas, (1999), Wendt (1999), Cortell and Davis (2000), Alderson (2001), and Flockhart (2006).
This article assumes the Linz and Stepan (1996) definitions of democracy and democratization: “In a nondemocratic setting, liberalization may entail a mix of policy and social changes, such as less censorship of the media, somewhat greater space for the organization of autonomous working-class activities, the introduction of some legal safeguards for individuals such as habeas corpus, the releasing of most political prisoners, the return of exiles, perhaps measures for improving the distribution of income, and most important, the toleration of opposition. Democratization entails liberalization but is a wider and more specifically political concept. Democratization requires open contestation over the right to win control of the government, and this in turn requires free competitive elections, the results of which determine who governs” (Linz and Stepan 1996:3).
- Issue online: 14 AUG 2007
- Version of Record online: 14 AUG 2007
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