Authors' note: I would like to thank Sidney Tarrow, Matthew Evangelista, Peter Katzenstein, Jennifer Hadden, Nandini Deo, participants of the Cornell Peace Studies dinner seminar, T. David Mason and the ISQ editorial team, and three anonymous reviewers for valuable comments and suggestions. I also express my gratitude to Herbert Docena, Helga Serrano, Wilbert van der Zeijden, and John Lindsay-Poland for providing me information and data about the global No Bases network. I acknowledge Cornell University’s Graduate School for generous research support.
Not in Anyone’s Backyard: The Emergence and Identity of a Transnational Anti-Base Network
Article first published online: 8 SEP 2009
© 2009 International Studies Association
International Studies Quarterly
Volume 53, Issue 3, pages 571–594, September 2009
How to Cite
Yeo, A. (2009), Not in Anyone’s Backyard: The Emergence and Identity of a Transnational Anti-Base Network. International Studies Quarterly, 53: 571–594. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2478.2009.00547.x
- Issue published online: 8 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 8 SEP 2009
Providing an overview of the emergence, characteristics, trajectory, and potential limitations of the transnational anti-base network, this article focuses on two broad questions relevant to transnational politics. First, what processes and mechanisms enabled local and transnational activists to form the international No Bases network? Second, how did activists juxtapose existing local anti-base identity and frames to emerging transnational ones? Following existing transnational movement theories, I argue that the global anti-base network slowly emerged through processes of diffusion and scale shift in its early stages. The onset of the Iraq War, however, injected new life into the transnational anti-base movement, eventually leading to the inaugural International Conference for the Abolition of Foreign Bases in 2007. Although loose transnational ties existed among anti-base activists prior to 2003, the U.S. war in Iraq presented anti-base activists the global frames necessary to accelerate the pace of diffusion, scale-shift, and brokerage, and hence, the consolidation of a transnational anti-base network. Paradoxically, however, even as No Bases leaders attempted to forge a new transnational identity, anti-base activists, as “rooted cosmopolitans,” continued to anchor their struggle in local initiatives.