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Vote-Seeking Incentives and Legislative Representation in Six Presidential Democracies

Authors


Brian F. Crisp is associate professor of political science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899 (bcrisp@artsci.wustl.edu).

Maria C. Escobar-Lemmon is assistant professor of political science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4348 (escobar@polisci.tamu.edu).

Bradford S. Jones is associate professor of political science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0027 (bsjones@email.arizona.edu).

Mark P. Jones is associate professor of political science, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251-1892 (mpjones@rice.edu).

Michelle M. Taylor-Robinson is associate professor of political science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4348 (e339mt@politics.tamu.edu).

Abstract

Through the use of an original data set of bill initiation activity in six presidential democracies, we advance scholarly understanding of how the institutional incentives faced by legislative candi-dates influence representation. We extend and adapt theory, derived primarily from the experience of the U.S. Congress, demonstrating its viability, once assumed constants from the U.S. case are explicitly modeled, in quite distinct institutional contexts. In particular, we find the focus of individual legislators on national versus parochial concerns responds to the incentives provided by the candidate selection process, general election rules, legislator career patterns, and interbranch relations.

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